- Jun 9, 2018
- Reaction score
- Political Leaning
What was missing at Gobekli Tepe that makes the builders not a civilization?But from all evidence so far, it was built not by a "civilization, but by hunter-gatherers. Likely as a location where many groups would come together for various reasons. That my be religious, for trade, or many other things. And this is not unlike many of the American Indian tribes into the recent era. Still widely scattered nomadic groups, simply returning to the same location over and over again.
As such, it would not be a "civilization", simply a location that multiple groups came together in. A step in the right direction, but not there yet.
One of the fascinating things about looking at pre-Columbian America is that we can see such examples much closer. As the Indians remained in a Neolithic state for many thousands of years longer, many anthropologists look to them to try and interpret what has been found more recently. And to me, Göbekli Tepe brings to mind the Mississippian Culture. Once again, largely multiple groups that started to work together, at the same time that agriculture started to spread in the area. Even building edifices and large structures.
But it was not a "civilization", simply a kind of confederation of dozens of different tribal groups. And only lasted a few hundred years before imploding and the various tribes scattering again. Hence, why it is called a "culture", and not a "civilization". Even though they had built large structures, trade routs, and the starts of cities it did not last, never unified, and soon dissolved again.